What is CBD?
Our CBD is a non-psychoactive substance extracted from Hemp plants.
There is on going research and growing scientific support for the
proposition that CBD is a valuable therapeutic for a variety of
conditions such as inflammation and pain. CBD is particularly abundant in industrial hemp.
What is industrial hemp?
Industrial hemp is defined as a plant with its parts (stems, leaves,
flowers) containing no more than 0.3 percent tetrahydrocannabinol (THC); in other words, minute,
sub-psychoactive levels (i.e., not enough to “get high”) on a dry weight basis under Section 7606 of the Federal
Farm Bill, or the Agricultural Act of 2014. The Section 7606 “Legitimacy of Industrial Hemp Research” provision exempts industrial hemp from
existing legal prohibitions when grown through approved programs in the 10 states where industrial hemp is already a legal crop: California, Colorado, Kentucky, Maine, Montana, North Dakota, Oregon, Vermont, Washington and West Virginia. Another 20 states now allow or are on the verge of allowing industrial hemp cultivation.
How is CBD produced?
CBD is fat-soluble and thus can be extracted from the leaves and
immature flowers of industrial hemp plants with ethanol; other solvents used to dissolve oils, grease and waxes; carbon dioxide in its pressurized liquid (supercritical) form; and the proprietary, patent- protected Liquid Structure (TM) used in all our products. Purified CBD can be obtained by passing it through tall columns composed of refined silica, a medium commonly used in separation science. Pure CBD in crystalline form can also be acquired via its precipitation directly from extracts.
Is there a difference in the finished ingredient between
CBD derived from cannabis or industrial hemp?
CBD is found in both cannabis and industrial hemp. Extracts of
industrial hemp and cannabis particularly differ in terms of their THC content. THC is a compound with psychoactive or mind-bending effects.
Cannabis has THC levels plentiful enough for users to “get high,” from perhaps 2 per cent to more than 20 per cent in dried immature flowers.
Extracts made from cannabis may have CBD, but be accompanied by substantive amounts of THC. Such preparations can make for intensified, unpleasant and frightening psychedelic effects.
In contrast, extracts derived from industrial hemp inherently have very little THC, and thus are not associated with any psychoactive effects.
How can you tell whether CBD is of high quality?
High-quality CBD is of sufficient purity for dependable use in chemical
analysis, chemical reactions, physical testing, and functional food or medicinal use. Its purity typically exceeds 98 per cent, and analytical methods used for such a determination — such as high-performance liquid chromatography — are based on standard test procedures, for which updated improvements are employed once available to achieve a higher degree of reliability. Of course, THC should only be present in minuscule amounts, preferably much less than the 0.3 per cent maximum. Using hexane and other toxic, Class 2 solvents for extraction
and purification per 62 FR 67377 of the U.S. Federal Register is
unacceptable for making CBD as a food additive because of inherent toxicities.
High-quality CBD is typically accompanied by an appropriately
detailed certificate of analysis (CoA).
What are the best delivery methods for CBD?
Oral administration, or taking by mouth, is the CBD delivery method overwhelmingly preferred by consumers and healthcare practitioners. It is very convenient, non-invasive and requires no special training.
Are there issues with bioavailability of CBD?
In this instance, bioavailability refers to the ability of CBD to get into the bloodstream after being taken by mouth. CBD bioavailability is inherently low. It is a major impediment to successfully using CBD in pharmaceutical and nutraceutical preparations. Minor amounts, 5 to 6 per cent, get into the body with oral administration, and the rest is wasted. This inefficiency can make for unpredictable outcomes, unless exorbitant (and thus, expensive) amounts are used.
The patent protected technology used in our Moods product range overcomes the challenges associated with oral administration. The unique process makes it possible for higher amounts of CBD to get into the bloodstream, thus allowing for predictable results from CBD use.
This method also renders CBD distinctively water soluble.
This contrasts other CBD preparations, which cannot be dissolved in water.
Is CBD legal?
CBD is legal in most countries around the world. However, its legality involves different uses and regulations from country to country and in some instances it varies across states or regions.
It is also fair to say that the legislation with respect to CBD and Hemp continues to develop rapidly. In most cases these changes are towards greater use as the substantive scientific research and findings supports both the medical and wellbeing advantages of its properties.
Further specific regional advice on purchase, transport, sale or use of CBD in your area can be found on local government websites.